Charles’ experience leads him to believe that strategies and change succeed where a clear understanding of ‘what, how, and with what resources’ exists and is supported across organisations; often more easily said than done. At sea, he played a direct part in the post-9/11 operations into Afghanistan, the Armilla patrol in the Gulf at the end of the Iran/Iraq war, embargo operations in the Adriatic, and the Sierra Leone crisis. After the Navy he directed the Royal College of Defence Studies in London which helped to develop already experienced strategic leaders from over sixty countries. He now consults on leadership, is a Vice Chairman of a substantial charity, and contributes to others. He has honorary positions at the Manchester Business School and King’s College London.